As you know, “Suiseki” is combined two words “Sui” “Water” and “Seki” “Stone”. In the early 1990s, in Viet Nam, when the opening economy start and when its citizen has not earn for living only, Vietnamese middle class begins to find out hobbies when they are not working such as music, tennis, tour etc…And stone viewing gradually grow and became bigger. The viewing stone collectors called suiseki as “Da Canh” “Đá Cảnh” “Thach Canh” “Thạch Cảnh”. Collectors is called “Ngoan thach nhan”.

There are two styles:

“Đá Cảnh Nguyên Bản Da Canh Nguyen Ban” The stone weathered by water and wind naturaly, no change in shape by human.

“Đá Cảnh Chế Tác” “Da Canh Che Tac” The stone created abstract shape and polish by human. “Da Canh Che Tac” called Biseki.

Now, in the springtime, Vietnam has annual “Da Canh Nguyen Ban” contest in Tao Dan Park.

“Da Canh Nguyen Ban” in Viet Nam look like suiseki in Japanese about Shape, Colour, Texture, Material and spirit.

Shape: “Thạch Hình”the form of the outer edges or surfaces of the stone. The shape you can see are landscape stone as mountains, mountain ranges… Vietnamese likes it so much.

Colour: Suiseki lovers highly appreciated dark colour (gray to black) colours, but brown, purple, green black, and blue black are also interesting and making feel admiration

Texture: words “Văn Thạch”, Bone “Cô Thạch” , Holes “Thạch thấu”, Jagged “Lậu thạch”, Pear’s skin “Da Lê”, The picture creating from milky quartz “Vân thạch” …

Material: hardness is above 5 Mohs, but it should not over 7 Mohs. The more hard the more inflexible on the creating shape by process of weathering by water.

Spirit: “Thạch Ý” is very important that the collector need to find out. Actually, the shape of the stone can make you find out ideas. We can think that the shape give you ideas, so the shape is spirit of the stone or “Thach Hình” is “Thạch Ý”. Sometime, collectors are very interest in spending a long time trying to understand what meaning of the stone.

Pls, get more information in 5 factors section.

Ninh Huu Hiep

(Suiseki lover & collector)